Energy Efficient Home Design.

Introduction

Redoak

In 1986 I visited the Milton Keynes Energy World exhibition and I was very impressed with the energy savings that could be achieved with a carefully designed house. 

So therefore, I had a bungalow built that was safe and highly energy efficient. I also wanted to avoid the potential hazards associated with timber frame properties so therefore the property is of conventional brick construction. 

In December 1989 the new 230 sq metre bungalow that was custom designed for maximum energy efficiency and low running costs was completed. Electricity rather than gas was chosen as it is safer, more reliable, does not have annual maintenance costs and is cheaper. 

To minimise running costs, intelligent slim-line electric night storage heaters were installed. I used a computer model to compare the heat loss of the previous home to the new bungalow to determine where energy savings could be made using the right materials during construction. The end result was that a three phase supply was avoided and only small storage heaters were needed in each room. 

The many energy efficiency features:

  • Polystyrene insulation under the concrete floor slab (this was not a building regulations requirement in 1989).
  • Thick carpets and underlay.
  • Engineering quality hard bricks.
  • Thermalite high performance trenchblocks for the foundations.
  • 130mm insulating lightweight concrete blocks for the internal walls.
  • 75mm wall cavity filled with mineral wool insulation.
  • Double glazed hardwood stained windows with kappafloat glass.
  • Fully draught proofed with no fireplace or chimney.
  • Mechanical ventilation and heat recovery system.
  • Foil backed plasterboard on the ceiling.
  • 200mm of fibreglass loft insulation.
  • Primary rooms facing south, then east and west.
  • Few small windows facing north.
  • LED lighting throughout.
  • Sophisticated computer controlled system using X-10 modules supplied by Smarthome and X-10 Activehome  and HomeSeer software.
  • Unobtrusive sophisticated mains/battery burglar alarm system; though no details will be provided here.

Low maintenance was achieved by using:

  • Stained hardwood windows.
  • White UPVC soffits and bargeboards and alcatraves inside.

Thanks

I would like to express my thanks to the following companies who have ensured the success of this project:

  • Southern Electric Contracting Limited
    For advice and all kinds of help on energy efficiency and electrical control matters and providing a skilled electrician who did the wiring of the computer controlled X-10 system.
  • X-10 Europe
    Who supplied prototype X-10 evaluation units prior to their general availability, and gave me access to their developers for technical queries during my evaluation.
  • Butterley Bricks, part of Hanson Group
    Who offered helpful advice and told me to take whatever free samples I needed from their brick store. Because they were so helpful, they received the brick order.
  • Total Home Environment Ltd
    Who installed our new ventilation/heat recovery and heat pump system during December 2009. Please read about this project here.
  • Axminster Carpet Company, Devon
    Who make great hard wearing carpets that are expensive, but worth every penny.
  • The Electrician
    Les, who took meticulous care over everything and did an excellent job for us. I can recommend a good electrician if you need one in Hampshire.

Future Plans

During 2009 we made the following changes:

  • During October/November 2009, we replaced our CFL lights with 118 GU10 LED down lighters. These lights use between 1.8W and 3W each.
  • During November/December 2009, we replaced our 20 year-old mechanical ventilation and heat recovery system with a new sophisticated micro-processor controlled heat-pump based mechanical ventilation and heat recovery system. This new system is very sophisticated and can be easily programmed to suit our needs. It is showing significant energy savings while delivering increased comfort; you may read more about it here.

During 2012 we have plans for the following changes:

  • Replace the windows and glass with new high performance hardwood windows.
  • Upgrade the sound system with a new Sony 7.1 Surround Sound Receiver and obtain a new FreeSat TV with DLNA that can communicate via our network.
  • Complete the upgrade our network from CAT5 to CAT6E cabling.

 


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